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New York is the center of fashion in the U.S.A. and offers world-class creative talent, showrooms, retail space and schools.

NYC is home to more headquarters of fashion designers & retailers than any other city in the United States.

For most of the 20th century, every aspect of garment making was located here, from fabric to garment to marketing to the major department stores. The neighborhood in the middle of Manhattan named, The Garment District, (which only takes about 10 New York minutes to walk from end to end) is the reason why NYC became a fashion capital.

New York City offers a number of initiatives to support businesses in the Fashion industry.
womens fashion
alessandro dell'aqua fall '06 fashion runway show

New York Fashion Week (NYFW) is one of four major fashion weeks in the world, collectively known as the “Big 4”, along with those in Paris, London, and Milan.

Held in February and September of each year, and lasting 7–9 days, it is when international collections are shown to buyers, the press, and the general public.

The Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) created the modern notion of a centralized “New York Fashion Week” in 1993, although cities like London were already using their city’s name in conjunction with the words fashion week in the 1980s. NYFW is based on a much older series of events called “Press Week”, founded in 1943.

7 For All Mankind (often referred to simply as 7FAM) is an American denim brand for women and men. Breezy Styles. Kicked-Back Attitude. Discover Jeans, Tops, Dresses & More. Styles: Bootcut, Flare, Skinny, Trouser, Cropped,

Dolce Vita began as a dream drafted on a cocktail napkin. Shop Dolce Vita's eye-catching, on-trend sandals, sneakers, boots, heels, and more and take your look to the next level. Founded in 2001 in New

We live yoga. Every piece of Alo Yoga we design comes from our practice—what we need and want, always with the goal of perfecting forward, contemporary pieces that work from studio to street. BRINGING

Pierre Balmain S.A., trading as Balmain, is a French luxury fashion house that was founded by Pierre Balmain in 1945. It operates 16 monobrand stores, including locations in New York City, London, Los

Shop the official Michael Kors USA online shop for jet set luxury: designer handbags, watches, shoes, clothing & more. Receive free shipping and returns on your purchase. Michael Kors is a world-renowned, award-winning designer

Missoni: an unmistakably Italian way of living and dressing since 1953. Missoni is an Italian luxury fashion house based in Varese, known for its colorful knitwear designs. The business was founded in 1953, when Ottavio

Born and raised in Los Angeles, PAIGE is a California lifestyle collection for men and women. Over the years, PAIGE has evolved into a prominent fashion house offering seasonal favorites and wardrobe staples that

Herve Leger is an iconic luxury brand known for its unforgettable bandage dresses that celebrate the female form. Framed through fresh color palettes, the latest collections display the evolution of Herve Leger which includes

7 For All Mankind (often referred to simply as 7FAM) is an American

Dolce Vita began as a dream drafted on a cocktail napkin. Shop Dolce Vita's

We live yoga. Every piece of Alo Yoga we design comes from our

Pierre Balmain S.A., trading as Balmain, is a French luxury fashion house that

Shop the official Michael Kors USA online shop for jet set luxury: designer

Missoni: an unmistakably Italian way of living and dressing since 1953. Missoni is an

Born and raised in Los Angeles, PAIGE is a California lifestyle collection for

Herve Leger is an iconic luxury brand known for its unforgettable bandage dresses

Hi! We're Thinx Inc. — better known as our family of brands, Thinx,

New York Fashion

FASHION DESIGNERS OF LATIN AMERICA®️ | FDLA GROUP INC. ​FDLA has become the signature

New York Fashion Week 2022 has finally arrived! February 10 – 13, 2022 at

Zara SA, stylized as ZARA, is a Spanish apparel retailer based in Arteixo,

What started as a mission for a more comfortable bra, quickly turned into

7 For All Mankind (often referred to simply as 7FAM) is an American denim brand for women and men. Breezy Styles. Kicked-Back Attitude.

We live yoga. Every piece of Alo Yoga we design comes from our practice—what we need and want, always with the goal

Pierre Balmain S.A., trading as Balmain, is a French luxury fashion house that was founded by Pierre Balmain in 1945. It operates

7 For All Mankind (often referred to simply as 7FAM) is an American

We live yoga. Every piece of Alo Yoga we design comes from our

Pierre Balmain S.A., trading as Balmain, is a French luxury fashion house that

BCBGMAXAZRIA is a brand, aesthetic & an attitude, inspired by the evolving landscapes

Beyond Yoga is a buttery-soft activewear & athleisure line with versatility for being

Chanel is a French luxury fashion house that was founded by couturière Coco

Christian Dior was a visionary. Beginning with his first collection in 1947, he

COTERIE New York | February 27 - March 1, 2022 COTERIE New York is

Fashion Industry Terms

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define A-line.

A style for apparel in which the dress fits at the shoulder, or the skirt at the waist, and gradually flares out to a wider hemline causing it to resemble the letter “A”. This style works well on most figure types- good for disguising bottom-heavy or pear-shaped figures.

History: The term A-Line was first used by the French couture designer Christian Dior to describe the new style of flared skirt introduced in his Spring–Summer 1955 Collection. He had previously used the term H-line to describe his pencil skirts, and this term is still used occasionally. The A-line skirt and dress became very fashionable when Jacqueline Kennedy adopted the style in the early 1960s. The style, with its simplicity, practicality, and elegance, has remained popular since.

Skirts: The A-line skirt is regarded as one of the simplest and most practical skirt styles. It has no visible embellishments for ease, such as pleats or slits, but is fitted to the upper hip by means of seams and/or darts. Its fastening is usually kept discreet, with a side or back zipper. A belt is sometimes used. Pockets may be present, but not usually. The length of an A-line skirt varies, between mini- and below-knee-length.

Dresses and Coats: When referring to dresses and coats, the term A-line generally means fitted from the shoulders to the hips and then widening to the hem, but it is also sometimes used to mean widening from the shoulders to the hem, ignoring the waist and hips. It is often used to describe a popular style of wedding dress, which is fitted above and around the hips but flares gently to the hem, giving a streamlined and quite slim look.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Acid Wash.

Acid washing is a bleaching process that consists of soaking or dampening the pumice with an oxidizing bleach (sodium hypochlorite). The term acid wash is a misnomer because no acid is used. The same process is also called frosting and ice washing. Each new season brings new names to market for the same bleaching process, but with different degrees of intensity.

Cellulase is an enzyme that is sometimes added to pumice stones and/or bleach, or used separately. The cellulase attacks and weakens cellulosic fiber, first on the fiber surface. Because dyes used in denim are mostly on the surface, the effect is a lightening of color, which gives a worn look. Cellulase also destroys fiber fuzz on fabric. Denim is a very strong fabric to begin with, so carefully controlled cellulase treatment has only minimal effect on durability.

Garment finishing for denim and similar apparel has grown over the past decade from a small, almost cottage-industry, to a major industry with exacting test procedures and standards for quality assurance. This work is not performed by traditional textile finishers, but by companies that specialize in this work, most of which were originally industrial laundering facilities.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Acrylic.

Acrylic is a fine, soft and luxurious fabric with the bulk and hand of wool. Light weight and springy, this fabric is non-allergenic, dries quickly, draws moisture away from the body and is washable. Acrylic does not take even a moderate amount of heat. Modacrylics are used in pile fabrics

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Affinity.

Dyestuffs are highly complex organic substances that combine both chemically and physically with an equally complex textile fiber molecule. Thousands of different dyestuffs are used for textiles. None is capable of combining with all textile fibers. Textile fibers are also chemical substances. Some dyes, for example, combine with protein (as in wool) and not with cellulose (as in cotton). When a particular dye is capable of combining with a fiber and can impart color to it, the dye has affinity for that fiber.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Applique.

Cutting shapes from textile fabrics and attaching them to another fabric or garment in order to decorate the base material. The ornamental fabrics are most often sewn to the base fabric, but may also be attached with adhesive. Quilts are frequently made with appliqued patterns. Fabric artists and fashion designers often use this technique.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Bamboo.

Bamboo, a grass species, is one of the fastest growing plants on earth. Silky soft with a cool, refreshing feel, bamboo is breathable and adjusts to your body temperature. It is environmentally friendly, sustainable, grown without pesticides, hypoallergenic, antimicrobial and resists odors. A bamboo forest emits 35% more oxygen than an equivalent stand of trees. Bamboo preserves its antibacterial properties even after continued washing. Bamboo is four times more absorbent than cotton, all of the above making it a “feel good” fabric of choice for the environmentally conscious and for people with sensitive skin or MCS (multiple chemical sensitivities).

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Bandeau Top.

(A.K.A. a Tube Top) A woman’s strapless top formed from a band of fabric fitting around the bust.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Batik.

A technique of hand-dyeing fabrics by using wax as a dye repellent to cover parts of a design, dyeing the uncovered fabric with a color or colors, and dissolving the wax in boiling water.

Batik or fabrics with the traditional batik patterns are (particularly) found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Japan, China, Azerbaijan, India, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Nigeria, Senegal, and Singapore.

Wax resist dyeing technique in fabric is an ancient art form. Discoveries show it already existed in Egypt in the 4th century BCE, where it was used to wrap mummies; linen was soaked in wax, and scratched using a sharp tool. In Asia, the technique was practiced in China during the T’ang dynasty (618-907 CE), and in India and Japan during the Nara period (645-794 CE). In Africa it was originally practiced by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, Soninke and Wolof in Senegal.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Beautiful.

(adjective)- having beauty; having qualities that give great pleasure or satisfaction to see, hear, think about, etc.; delighting the senses or mind: a beautiful dress; a beautiful speech.

(synonyms)- all these adjectives apply to what excites aesthetic admiration. Beautiful is most comprehensive: a beautiful child; a beautiful painting; a beautiful mathematical proof.

Lovely applies to what inspires emotion rather than intellectual appreciation: “They were lovely, your eyes” (George Seferis). What is pretty is beautiful in a delicate or graceful way: a pretty face; a pretty song; a pretty room.

Handsome stresses poise and dignity of form and proportion: a very large, handsome paneled library. “She is very pretty, but not so extraordinarily handsome” (William Makepeace Thackeray).

Fair emphasizes freshness or purity: “In the highlands, in the country places,/Where the old plain men have rosy faces,/And the young fair maidens/Quiet eyes” (Robert Louis Stevenson).

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Bias.

Bias is the diagonal direction of a woven fabric. Unless woven from stretch yarns, fabrics stretch more in the bias direction than in the length or width. Designers can take advantage of this stretch by manipulating the fabric so that the bias areas fall in ways that cause the designs to fit the body more closely or drape into soft folds. Designer Madeline Vionnet (active 1912 to 1940) was renown for her bias designs.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Blazer.

A blazer is a type of jacket that resembles a suit coat cut more casually — sometimes with flap-less patch pockets and metal buttons. A blazer’s cloth is usually durable (14oz.), because it is an outdoor sports jacket.

Stylistically, blazers often are uniform garments (think airline, school, yachting and rowing clubs). A blazer is generally distinguished from a sports jacket as a more formal garment and tailored from solid color fabrics. Blazers are often made with naval-style metal buttons, reflecting their historic boating club association, but this is not a defining feature.

The sartorial term blazer originated with the red “blazers” of the Lady Margaret Boat Club (1825), the rowing club of St. John’s College, Cambridge. The Lady Margaret club jackets were termed blazers because of the bright red cloth; the term survived the original red coat.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Bolero.

Short jacket no longer than normal waistline, with or without sleeves. Worn open in front over bodice or blouse. Spanish in origin.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Boning.

Used to give a garment support and body contouring. Once actually constructed of whale bone, today’s boning is usually made of plastic strips slipped into sheaths sewn into the garment.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Boucle.

Bouclé is a kind of novelty yarn. It is a yarn with a length of loops of similar size which can range from tiny circlets to large curls. To make bouclé, at least two strands are combined, with the tension on one strand being much looser than the other as it is being plied, with the loose strand forming the loops and the other strand as the anchor. Bouclé can also refer to the fabric made from this type of yarn, especially fabric that maintains the loopy appearance.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Boutique.

A small shop or a small specialty department within a larger store, especially one that sells fashionable clothes and accessories or a special selection of other merchandise.

Any small, exclusive business offering customized service.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Brocade.

Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics, often made in colored silks and with or without gold and silver threads. The name, related to the same root as the word “broccoli,” comes from Italian broccato meaning “embossed cloth,” originally past participle of the verb broccare “to stud, set with nails,” from brocco, “small nail,” from Latin broccus, “projecting, pointed.”

Brocade is typically woven on a draw loom. It is a supplementary weft technique, that is, the ornamental brocading is produced by a supplementary, non-structural, weft in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. The purpose of this is to give the appearance that the weave actually was embroidered on.

Ornamental features in brocade are emphasized and wrought as additions to the main fabric, sometimes stiffening it, though more frequently producing on its face the effect of low relief. In some, but not all, brocades, these additions present a distinctive appearance on the back of the material where the supplementary weft or floating threads of the brocaded or broached parts hang in loose groups or are clipped away. When the weft is floating on the back, this is known as a continuous brocade; the supplementary weft runs from selvage to selvage. The yarns are cut away in cutwork and broché. Also, a discontinuous brocade is where the supplementary yarn is only woven in the patterned areas.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Burn-Out Printing.

Burn-out prints involve printing with a chemical substance that destroys the fiber in the pattern design print area. Thus, a hole in the fabric results where the chemical made contact with the fabric. Simulated eyelet embroideries are made with a 2-or-3 roller print, where one roller contains the fiber-destroying chemical and the other roller(s) prints a pattern simulating embroidery stitiching.

Another type of burn-out print involves fabrics that are made from blended yarns, core-spun yarns, or fabric mixtures of two or more types of fibers. The burn-out print chemical destroys one fiber (the cellulosic) and leaves the others undamaged. Many unusual and interesting fabrics are created with this method of printing. Such a fabric might be a rayon/polyester blend where each yarn is a 50/50 blend of polyester and rayon. When the burn-out printing is done, the rayon portion disappears (burn-out) leaving the polyester unchanged. The result is a gauze-like print portion of polyester and the unprinted portion of original polyester/rayon blend.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Bustier.

A garment similar to a corset that is like a combination waist cinch and brassiere. It ends at the waist or extends to the hips. Formerly an undergarment that was sometimes called a merry widow, it is now worn as a woman’s top, is usually strapless, and may be made from highly ornamental fabric.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Camisole.

In the 19th century a camisole was a waist length undergarment worn over a corset. Generally it had broad straps, and tied at the upper edge with a drawstring. Often it was trimmed with lace or eyelet embroidery. In modern usage, the term may refer to any undergarment worn over a brassiere and ending at the waist. Blouses or tops that are cut in a style similar to the historic camisole are called camisole tops.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Cap Sleeve.

A cap sleeve is a specific sleeve style found on short sleeve shirts, dresses, and other garments. In fashion, “cap sleeve” is generally a descriptor reserved for women’s blouses and T-shirts, though it refers more to the specific cut or style of garment, indicating that the sleeve is cut and seamed to fit the shoulders correctly. A cap sleeve shirt is usually not as loose about the upper arms as the standard men’s T-shirt. The length of a cap sleeve is also slightly shorter than a standard short-sleeved shirt with the average length being between 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) to about 4 inches (10.2 cm).

Cap sleeve shirts can be casual or formal, such as those worn under a suit blazer. Cap sleeve dresses can also be casual or formal. However, a cap sleeve garment is always short sleeved. A number of shirt styles for women are described as cap sleeve shirts, including T-shirts. Cap sleeve T-shirts are particularly popular amongst young girls and women, especially when the shirt is cut to fit the waistline as well. This style of shirt is generally sold with the descriptor “cap sleeve tee.”

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Capri Pants.

Capri pants (also known as capris, long / three-quarter shorts, and clam diggers) are mid-calf pants. Variants end below the knee and calf. Capri pants were introduced by European fashion designer Sonja de Lennart in 1948. The pants’ name derives from the Italian isle of Capri, where they rose to popularity in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The American actress Grace Kelly was among the first movie stars who wore capris on the island.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Chantilly Lace.

Chantilly lace is a handmade bobbin lace named after the city of Chantilly, France, in a tradition dating from the 17th century, though the most famous are silk laces introduced in the 18th century. Though called Chantilly lace, most of the lace bearing this name was actually made in Bayeux in France and Geraardsbergen, now in Belgium.

In the 17th century, the Duchesse de Longueville organized the manufacture of lace at Chantilly. It has been produced from then up until the present day. Owing to the patronage of the duchesse, and the proximity of Chantilly to Paris it became popular. It came into fashion again during the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, and was an especial favorite of Louis XV’s last mistress, Mme du Barry, and of Marie Antoinette. When the French Revolution began in 1789, demand for the lace ceased. The lace-makers were seen as protégés of the royals, and after Mme du Barry and Marie Antoinette were guillotined in 1793, the lace-makers of Chantilly were themselves killed. At this point production ceased. Napoleon I sponsored revivals of Chantilly lace, most especially between the years 1804 and 1815. At this point production was concentrated in Normandy, mainly around the Bayeux area. While it was no longer being made in Chantilly, all of the old techniques and designs were used.

Chantilly lace reached the height of its popularity around 1830 and was revived again in the 1860s, at which point it was made at Bayeux, but also at Geraardsbergen in Belgium. In 1844 a machine was patented that made Valenciennes lace and black silk Chantilly lace that was difficult to distinguish from the handmade lace.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Charmeuse.

Charmeuse is a lightweight fabric woven with a satin weave, where the warp threads cross over three or more of the backing (weft) threads. The front side of the fabric has a satin finish – lustrous and reflective – whereas the back has a dull finish. It can be made of silk or a synthetic lookalike such as polyester. Silk charmeuse is more expensive and delicate but is softer and a better insulator. Polyester charmeuse is cheaper and can often withstand machine washing, but it does not breathe as well as silk. Charmeuse differs from plain satin in that charmeuse is softer and lighter in weight.

The luster and delicate hand make charmeuse suited to lingerie, flowing evening gowns and drapey blouses. Bridal gowns sometime use charmeuse, however, the fabric does not hold a shape well, so it is not used for full, flared skirts; the charmeuse tends to cling and hang against the body. It is best suited to a more fluid, slinky bias cut, and is too fragile and flimsy for more tailored clothing. It is not used in menswear, with the exception of underwear such as charmeuse boxer shorts. It is one of the more challenging fabrics to sew, and not recommended for beginners. The fabric is extremely slippery and difficult to control through the presser foot of a sewing machine. Seams have a tendency to pucker and pull; a smaller stitch length and finer thread can minimize this, though the experience of the sewer will impact the finished result as well. Charmeuse also tends to leave holes and marks where the fabric was pinned, making the manipulation of pattern pieces more challenging. For greater ease of sewing, a sizing product such as Sullivan’s Spray Fabric Stabilizer can be sprayed on before cutting and washed out after the garment is completed. Charmeuse tears easily, especially when wet, so dry-cleaning is recommended.

FASHION INDUSTRY DICTIONARY

Define Chenille.

Chenille, the French word for caterpillar, is typically used to describe a type of fabric. Many fabrics, such as mohair and wool, get their names from the fibers with which they are made. Chenille, however, is named from the unique process by which it is made. First Known Use: circa 1739.

F

Keyhole Neck Peplum
Fishtail Train Kimono Pima Cotton
Fulling

L

Piping

G

Lace Pique
Chiffon Gathers Laundering Plisse
Colorfastness Gaucho Pants Linen Pointelle

Corset Gauntlets Lycra Polyester
Cowl Neck Georgette Lyocell Poplin
Crew Neck Gingham

M

Prêt-à-Porter

D

H

Mandarin Collar Princess Line Screen Printing
Damask Haute Couture Mercerization

Q

Seersucker
Dart Hemp Microfiber Quilting Sheath
Deconstruction Hems Miniaudiere

R

Shift
Dolman Sleeve Herringbone Modal Raffia Silk Top Stitching
Double Breasted Houndstooth Mule Raglan Slub Twill
Draping

I

N

Rayon Spandex

V

Dropped Waist Interlock Nylon Ready-to-Wear Sportswear Velour

E

J

O

Rib Knit Stone Washing Velvet
Ease Jacquard Organic Cotton Romper Sweetheart Neck Vintage
Eco-Fashion Jersey Organic Wool Rosette

T

W

Egyptian Cotton Jewel Neck Oxford Ruching Taffeta Weave Types
Empire Waist

K

P

S

Terry Wicking
Epaulette Kaftan Dresses Pagoda Sleeve Sarong Trapeze Top

Y

Espadrille Kangaroo Pocket Peasant Sleeve Satin TFPIA Yarn Types